Nissan Maximas are well received by many reviewers due to their performance, reliability and luxury, according to Edmunds. However, as with all vehicles, even a well-maintained and regularly serviced Maxima will experience problems over time. If you are driving a 1995 Maxima, then you are most likely nearing some of the common engine component failures and leaks that all older cars are prone to experience. Become familiar with troubleshooting and fixing some common problems and you will end up saving both time and money.
Turn on the interior lights and headlights of your 1995 Maxima if it fails to start. Dim lights are a sign of a failing battery. Use a pair of jumper cables to help start your car again and drive it to an auto parts store so that the technician can check the battery and replace it if necessary. Another option could be that the battery cables are not connected securely to the terminals. Jostle the battery cables back and forth to see if the connector nuts are secure then try starting your car again. While wriggling the battery cables, check the terminals for corrosion, which can be cleaned by pouring carbonated soda over the corroded terminals and scrubbing them with a wire brush. If your Maxima strains while turning over, then the starter may be failing. Tap the starter lightly with a hammer to help re-engage it with the flywheel one more time.2
Kneel down and look underneath your 1995 Maxima for small pools of fluid on the ground. Motor oil has the appearance of a brown or black, thick oily substance. Oil leaks can be easily fixed, depending on where the gasket leak is located in the engine block. Also check the tightness of the oil filter and drain plug if you have recently had an oil change. Check the oil level with the dipstick and add more oil if it is low. Too much oil will cause excess oil to seep through the gaskets and seals, even if the gaskets are still in good shape. Engine coolant is usually a green color; however, it also takes on a filmy, rainbow-like appearance. Without the correct coolant level, your Maxima can overheat, potentially causing catastrophic engine failure. Check the level of coolant inside the coolant reservoir on the left side of the engine, adding more if it is below the minimum line. Most coolants are sold as 50/50 mixtures of coolant and water that can be added directly to your vehicle. If your 1995 Maxima continually leaks coolant, then you may have a leaky hose. Continue to add a 50/50 solution or distilled water to the coolant reservoir until the hose is replaced. A puddle of red liquid either indicates a brake fluid leak or an automatic transmission fluid (ATF) leak. Use the dipstick in the brake fluid reservoir to check the level once the car has warmed up. Fixing the brake or transmission fluid lines is a job that should be performed by a mechanic.3
Lift the 1995 Maxima with a floor jack then place jack stands underneath each front door so that you can inspect the brake pads and rotors. Remove the tire on each side and inspect the thickness of the brake pads and any signs of the rotors' surface appearing damaged or cracked. There are many different signs of brake failure, including squeaking or grinding when the brake pedal is depressed, a brake pedal that offers little resistance when it is depressed or when the brake pedal pulsates when depressed.